Biennial, robust herbaceous plant, 1-2 m high. Leaves are big, alternate, wide, lanceolate, petioled,
triangular shaped, opposite, bi- or tri-pinnatisect, toothed (saw edges),
glaucus inside and a petiole widen at the base, where they form a membranous
sheath. During the first year a ground-level rosette springs and by the second
one a big grooved stem in which upper end flower composed umbels are present.
The petiole is up to 50 or 60
cm in length during the second year and gets covered by
a red-violaceous skin. Flowers are small, white or slightly green, with long
peduncle grouped into umbels at the top of the stem. Fruits in diachenium, of 5
to 6 mm,
oblong, formed by to mericarps in the back with two fine ribs called wings and
three dorsal striae. The smell is very characteristic. This plant belongs to
the Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) family.
It blossoms between April and June, according
to the geographical zone.
It grows in northern Europe and Asia, but is
more abundant in the Scandinavian region, Greenland and Iceland. It grows in damp places
and near running water. It might be cultivated in mountainous regions of Spain.
Harvesting: the root must be cut before inflorescence, between October and
December, of plants older than two years. Fruits are harvested ripe (umbels are
completely cut off) during the summer of the second year. The root and fruits
cannot be obtained from the same plant.
The root of the plant is the main part used, although sometimes fruits
are also employed. Angelica has a characteristic aromatic smell that makes it
very vulnerable to the attack of insects. For this reason, this medicinal plant
has to be stored very carefully, away from insects.
> Digestive disorders:
dyspepsia, satiety sensation, eructation, epigastric distension, flatulence and
meteorism, digestive atony (exam. Gastric ptosis), nervous originated digestive
spasms, lack of appetite, biliary dyskinesia, gastroenteritis, enterocolitis,
irritable bowel, etc.
> Nervous and
digestive originated headaches.
> Nervous disorders:
stress, anxiety, insomnia, depressions, neurosis and nervous weakness.
> It is also
recommended for students during their exams; people recovering from weakening
diseases, and in general any person in a stressful situation.
> Cardiocirculatory disorders:
arterial hypertension, coronary diseases, etc.
disorders: bronchitis, asthma, colds, flu.
> Sprains and bumps, neuralgias, rheumatism,
wounds, skin ulcers.
> Skin disorders: vitiligo,
psoriasis and leukodermia.