Biennial herbaceous plant, 80-150 cm high. During the
first year, it only develops the root and the lower parts of it, giving rise to
a rosette of big leaves. The second year the stem, flowers and fruit are
big leaves, alternate, wide, with long petioles, almost entire and slightly
toothed, heart-shaped or ovate. The back is downy, covered with a cloth of soft
hairs spread on the surface. Lower leaves are very big and have laticiferous
tubes with wide and stringed petioles, while the upper ones are smaller and
oval-shaped. Inflorescences are pedunculate flower divisions that group
together to form cymes. Flower heads are big, globose and glabrous. Tubular
flowers in purple or violaceous-red in the upper edge, grouped in corymbs of
little hooked prickles which adhere to everything with which they come in
contact, and by attaching themselves to coats of animals are often carried to a
distance. That is the way it can disseminate. It belongs to the Compositae
As the Burdock grows freely in waste places and
hedgerows, it can be collected in the wild state. It will grow in almost any
soil, but the roots are formed best in a light well-drained soil. The harvesting
must be done by the spring of the second year, before blooming, which takes
place between July and September. This way the root will preserve its
Burdock root (Arctium lappa L. = A.
Majus Bernh.). Those from Lappa minor
are used, too (Arctium minus Bernh. = Lappa minor Hill.) and/or Arctium
tomentosum Miller. Sometimes leaves are used and very seldom fruits, too.
> Skin disorders:
psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, skin impurities, sebaceous cyst, dermatosis,
acne, furuncles, eczema, varicose ulcers, athlete’s foot, dermatomycosis,
eruptive diseases (chicken pox, measles), etc.
> Gout and hyperuricemia.
disorders, cystitis, uretheritis, urethritis, pyelonephritis (kidney infection)
oliguria, renal lithiasis.
> Edemas, overweight with water retention,
> Hyperglycemia, type II diabetes, pre-diabetic
patients with furunculosis, etc.
> Lack of appetite, hyposecreting dyspepsia,
> Rheumatism (arthrosis, arthritis, etc.)
disorders, ulcers, wounds, furunculosis, itching, acne, abscesses,
dermatomycosis, ichthyosis, psoriasis.
> Dandruff, scalp eczema,
seborrhea, loss of hair (rubbing).
> In baths: improves toxins
elimination throughout skin.
> Skin disorders: contusions, wounds, abrasion,
chilblains, insect bites.
It is very popular the use of fresh leaves
juice applied as a compress or lotion on the scalp to prevent hair loss.