Vivacious plant (lives for several years), 10-30 cm high; wide and fleshy
rhizome. The underground stems (rhizome) grows fine roots towards the ground,
while many shoots, covered in scales, grow upwards and end up in a capitulate
flower (flower resembles the daisy, with a central rosette surrounded by
numerous petals), with no leaves. These are formed later on, directly in the
rhizome, all sprouting from one same spot with a large, grooved petiole. The
limb (flat surface of the leaf) is heart-shaped with toothed edges. They are
green in the above face and white beneath. It’s densely pilose. An old name for
Coltsfoot was Filius ante patrem (the son before the father), because
the star-like flowers appear and wither before the broad. Flower scapes, 10-30 cm end up in a solitaire
capitules, of 1.5-3.5 cm
diameter, inserted in a wide and scaly stem, surrounded by reddish bracts and
yellow flowers, ligulate at the peripheral zone and flosculous at the center.
After blooming, hanging capitulate turn erect while the fruit ripens. Fruits
are achenia with a white pappus holding filaments which help in its pollination
by wind. It belongs tothe Asteracea (=Compositae) family.
Habitat and harvesting. It is found in clay
soils in Northern, Central and Eastern Spain. Harvesting: Flowers are collected
in February-April, before they open, and leaves in May-June.
disorders: colds, pharyngitis, laryngitis or tracheitis, irritating cough,
hoarseness, bronchitis, asthma, pulmonary emphysema, etc.