It’s a creeping bush with many different
variations. The term ‘red grape’ corresponds to the cultivation of dark red
grape with red flesh whose foliage gets partially or totally red during the
fall. It might grow up to 10 m
in height. Trunk is tortuous and the bark is rough and thick. The vine shoots
(ligneous branches, thin and flexible that looks for support in nearby objects)
are brownish with a spongy brown medulla. Young branches are green with a
certain brownish hue and hairless. They sprout from the leaves axil. Nodes are
enlarged and somewhat flatten. Alternate palmatiparted leaves. The five lobes show
a toothed and irregular edge, narrowing from the base and then connecting at
the center. The largest one is the central lobe. They are glabrous and shining
above and hairy at the central vein beneath. They petiole is large and
cylindrical, grooved and hairy at the lower part. Where the branch is inserted,
a couple of brownish membranous stipules of 2 to 3 mm are found. Tendrils
sprout at front of leaves and work as climbing tools. They are dichotomous and
have stipules, as well.
Inflorescences (panicles) are branched, opposite to the
leaves, with membraneous bracts of 4
mm at the insertion. Each of them has many greenish
flowers. The pedicel widens at the top with five caducous petals. There are, as
well five stamens of greenish anthers and fine filaments. The pistil is
bottle-shaped like, with a short style and a wide stigma. It blooms from late
May to early July. The fruit (grape) is a berry that varies in color, shape and
size depending on the species. They cluster in racemes. Red grape has red flesh
and dark red skin. Seeds, up to five held inside, are brownish and pyriform of
It is cultivated in the Mediterranean zone. It
needs heated places facing south with, preferably, dry soil. In most of the mild weather zones in the planet
extensive vineyards can be found. It also grows wild in the Mediterranean zone.
(Central Europe, North of Africa and western zone of Asia).
Leaves. Grapes (mainly as raisins or in juice).
Seeds to obtain oil.
> Gout and
obesity might improve with grape juice therapy.
and arteriosclerosis: grape seed oil may be used as source of essential fatty
acids to balance different serum lipid fractions.
> Varicose veins,
phlebitis, hemorrhoids and capillary fragility, due to its vitaminic P action.
> Symptomatic relief
of venolymphatic deficiency.