This tree of 20-30 cm has opposite leaves, with thick trunk of greyish
bark, smooth in young specimens and cracked and scaly in the adult ones, with
the oval and thick top. Long and petiolate leaves, palmate compound with 5 to 9
folioles of different size, dark green colored in the sheaf and paler in the
underside, sharp and unequally toothed. Petioles and peduncles with ferruginous
tomentum. Numerous flowers in eye-catching elongated inflorescences, conical
and irregular, in erect terminal bunches, hermaphroditic (those placed in the
base of the inflorescence) or only male (the others) with 4-5 different petals,
with a pink or yellowish patch in the base. Stamen made up of 5-9 stamens and
three gynoecium carpels, bristling with conical and a little bit sharp thorns.
The capsule opens from three apical valves and contains 1-3 globose seeds, with
shiny chestnut colored head and whitish and oval thread. It belongs to the
family of Hippocastanaceae.
It is a tree coming from Asia Minor or Central Asia,
it grows in mountainous and damp zones in the North of Greece, Albania and Bulgaria, it is cultivated also as
ornamental plant. It blooms in springtime (from April) and maturing seeds are
harvested in October (in autumn) during the fall of fruits and the branch bark
is used in March (in springtime).
Chestnuts which we normally eat come from the common
chestnut tree (Castanea
sativa) and are
totally different from those of the Aesculus
being these fruits not suitable for the human intake.
Preferably its seeds. Also, the bark and occasionally the leaves can be used.
> Varicose veins and other chronic venous insufficiency in the
extremities: heaviness, swelling, pain, tingling sensation, night cramps in the
> Edema reabsorption, especially those post-surgery.
> Prevention of thrombophlebitis and varicose ulcers.
> Skin capillary fragility: couperose, petechiae, ecchymosis, hematomas,
> Others: Seeds have been used in folk medicine to treat diarrhea, fever
> In case
of fragility and congestive conditions of the venous and lymphatic: varicose veins, hemorrhoids, varicose ulcers,
prevention of phlebitis and thrombosis, edemas, epistasis, ecchymosis,
> Traditionally they have been used
for the treatment of diarrhea, fever. Arthritis, edema, benign prostatic
hyperplasia, premenstrual syndrome and unproductive cough.