It’s a vivacious, erect plant of quadrangular
stem of 30 cm
to 1.50 m
high, pubescent at the upper end. Stems are brownish-green, rigid,
quadrangular, branched at the top, lengthwise wrinkled and pubescent. Leaves
are opposite, decussate, in pairs and seldom whorled in three. Sometimes they
are alternate where the inflorescence is, forming a long terminal raceme.
Leaves are sessile, lanceolate and heart-shaped at the base, of 5 to 15 cm long and 1-2.5 cm wide. The
undersurfaces are downy; secondary veins are anastomosing in a wreath at the
edge of the limb. Flowers have a gamosepalous, persistent, pubescent, tubular
calyx of 4 to 8 mm
long, forming six sepals crowned by six small triangular teeth, alternating
with other six large, as large as half the tube, and sharp teeth. A corolla is
formed by six purplish-pink petals, each of them expanded at its apex, with a
ruffled edge and a narrow base. Androecium is constituted by two verticils of
six stamens (one verticil with short stamens hardly come out, and the other one
with stamens longer than the top of the corolla). Mature or ripe fruit is a
small capsule included in the persistent calyx. It belongs to the Lythraceae
It is commonly found in humid zones throughout Europe. In Spain,
it’s found near brooks, irrigation ditches and very humid meadows lengthwise
the Iberian Peninsula, up to 100 m of altitude. Blooming:
starts in June. Harvesting: from July to September, at the moment of blooming.
Once harvested they are left to dry, in bunches or bundles, in a shady and
> Diarrhea, gastroenteritis, bacillary
white diarrhea (salmonellosis, typhoid fever), irritable colon syndrome, ulcerative colitis.
Especially recommended for children, either in the baby bottle or via enema,
along with the right diet (carrots, white rice, carob flour, etc).
> Type II
> Skin disorders: dermatosis,
wounds, eczemas, intertrigo, etc.
disorders: hemorrhoids, varicose ulcers.
> Leucorrhea, vaginitis, vulvovaginitis, metrorrhagia
(non-menstrual vaginal hemorrhages) etc., via vaginal wash.
> Oral disorders: stomatitis, parodontopathies,
> Nosebleed. To cut nose hemorrhage, a fresh, minced leaf is placed in the