Herbaceous, rhizomatous annual
plant (one-year life-cycle) that might reach up to 20-30 cm high. Stems are erect,
thin, fleshy and ringed and show nodes and internodes that are short in the
under part and longer in the upper part. Polymorphic, alternate, elongated
leaves with toothed edge. Leaves at the base are heart-shaped and petiolate, while
the ones above the stem become narrower and the petiole shortens. Flowers are
solitaire, irregular, and sprout one by one from the axil at the upper leaves
and are held by a hook-shaped peduncle of 5 to 10 cm long. Petals are wide,
velvety in white, yellow, red, purple and most commonly there is a combination
of all these colors in each blossom with a pleasant aroma. The flowers of the subspecies
arvensis (Murray) Gaud., is characterized by 4 upper yellowish-white petals and
a lower dark yellow one with purple spots. In the subspecies vulgaris (Koch) Oborny has 4 purple
upper petals and a yellowish-white lower one. The oval-shaped fruit is an
obtuse capsule that splits at three points and releases the piriform yellow
pear-shaped seeds with a caruncle. It belongs to the Violaceae family.
It is perfectly cultivated in the mountains,
roadsides, hedgebanks, wasteways and gardens. It is found throughout Europe,
Eastern Asia and North America, from the Arctic to the warm zones. Its blooming
depends on the zone where it is located. It is, in the mountains it takes place
during the summer, while in the lowlands flowers open late in winter and early
Floral aerial parts of Viola arvensis
Murray and/or Viola tricolor L.
> Skin disorders:
eczema, dermatitis, impetigo, acne, itching, psoriasis, herpes, seborrheic
affections, children cradle cap.
> Respiratory tract
disorders: common cold, flu, bronchitis, unproductive cough, pharyngitis.
disorders: oliguria, dysuria, urethritis, cystitis, uretheritis, urolithiasis.
> Edemas, overweight
with water retention.
hyperuricemia and gout.
> Rheumatism: arthritis, etc.
> Spasmodic digestive pain.
> Arteriosclerosis, arterial hypertension.
> Skin disorders:
seborrheic dermatitis, acne, itching, exanthematic eruptions, impetigo,
infantile eczema, skin ulcers, wounds.
> Oral ulcerations,
> Corneal ulcers,
> Pharyngitis and
> Vaginitis and vulvovaginitis.