Tall tree up to 40 m high; deciduous, of
relatively fast growth that might live up to 200 years. The trunk is straight,
slim, cylindrical and rugose, with an oval-shaped crown, narrow and elongated.
Bark is silver grey and smooth at the beginning, reddish and furrowed in the
old trunks. Branches with opposite branchlets flattened at the nodes, with
numerous scars from previous leaves. Buds are black, coarse, downy, and
dilated. Leaves are large of up to 30 cm, opposite, odd pinnately compound
with 7-15 leaflets 5-10 cm long, barely petiolate, lanceolate, toothed and
acuminate, and hairless. They are green in the front and whitish and often
pubescent beneath, especially upon the mid-rib. Flowers have no calyx
nor corolla, have no ornamental use, unisexual or hermaphrodite in purple.
They form dense, short and round racemes and are located toward the end of
branches of previous year, look like hanging filaments that sprout early, even
before the leaves. Fruit is a dry samara (seeds that contain a membranous wing)
that favors pollination through the wind. Fruit is oblong lanceolate with an
open tip from where racemes hang out. The seed takes less than half the fruit
in size. Fruits ripe in autumn and germinate in spring. Some trees are totally
male, others are male with some female branches or vice versa. There are cases
where some branches are male one year and female the next one. It belongs to
the Oleaceae family.
It is indigenous of northern Africa and Iberian
Peninsula, moderate weather regions of Europe and Asia with some species found
in America. It grows spontaneously in moist woods and slant lands. It
prefers fresh, from mild to high humidity levels in deep soils rich in bases
with slightly acid pH. It is very resistant to low temperatures. Ash blooms in
spring, in March-April. In the Mediterranean area it’s substituted by a similar
specie (F. angustifolia Vahl) or small or narrow-leafed ash.
Leaves (leaflets), occasionally the bark of the Fraxinus excelsior or F.
oxyphylla M. Bieb.
> Rheumatic disorders: arthritis, arthrosis, joint
pain, tendinitis and sprains.
> Hyperazotemia, hyperuricemia, gout.
> Genitourinary disorders: cystitis, uretheritis, urethritis,
pyelonephritis, oliguria, urinary lithiasis prevention, edemas and every time
de diuresis needs to be increased.
> Arterial hypertension.
> Overweight along with water retention.
> Varicose veins, hemorrhoids.
> Flu, common cold.
> In ancient times it was believed to be an antidote against snakes poison.
> Feverish syndromes (flu, common cold).
> Rheumatic and gouty pain.
> Wounds and skin