Bush of up to 2 m high; pale and hard
branches. Fresh leaves very aromatic, palmeate, alternate, biserrate, divided
in 3-5 triangular lobes of toothed edges and plenty of resinous glands on the
back. Flowers originated in the leave axil, green outside and reddish-yellow
inside and 5 petals, form terminal hanging dense racemes, hermaphrodite and
sometimes, unisexual, epigynous with a tubular hypanthium. Fruits are black
berries, sweet and sour flavored, and have pieces of the calyx adhered. It
belongs to the Saxifragaceae (Grossulariaceae) family.
It is indigenous of central and
western Europe and northern Asia. In Spain, its natural habitat are the mountains in
the north, northeast and center of the Iberian Peninsula.
It grows spread through riverside forests, muddy, rich soil. It is cultivated
in mild weather zones gardens. Black currant blooms in spring. Leaves are
harvested with medicinal purposes in June and fruits are harvested ripe and
when black in summer. Fruits can be eaten fresh or in jellies and jams or their
juice in syrups.
Fruits are also employed and sometimes sprouts and essential oil from the
arthritis, arthralgia and bone-joint inflammation.
> Hyperuricemia, gout, hyperazotemia (excess of nitrogen substances in
> Kidney disorders that require diuresis increase: urinary infections
(cystitis, urethritis, uretheritis, pyelonephritis) urinary lithiasis
prevention, renal lithiasis (kidney stones), etc.
> Oliguria, edemas and overweight due to water retention.
> Unproductive cough,
laryngitis, common cold.
> In folk medicine it
is recommended in case of: gastritis, biliary dyskinesia.
> Leaves were used in
ancient times as a substitute of tobacco. Before grinding them, it is
recommended to pick out the healthiest and driest ones.
lesions, wounds, skin or buccal ulceration, paradontopathy, burns, pharyngitis,
dermatitis, erythema, itching.
ulcerations, blepharitis, conjunctivitis.
> Insects bites (rubbin leaves on the bite).
> Vein deficiency,
varicose veins, hemorrhoids, phlebitis prevention and thrombophlebitis, lower
limbs edema by venous statis.
permeability, capillary fragility.
> Retinitis pigmentosa, progressive
myopia, hemeralopia (vision degradation during day-light).
night-vision (prescribed along with blueberry).
> Cerebral-vascular accidents.
> Loss of appetite, febrile and infectious diseases convalescences.
> Rheumatism, gout and kidney stones.
> Common cold and
> At high dosages, the
fruit extract might accelerate intestinal transit.
> Atherosclerosis prevention.
> Premenstrual syndrome and menopause symptoms.
> Dermatitis, ichthyosis, dryness and skin