Biennial herbaceous plant that
belongs to the umbelliferae family. It might grow up to 90 cm high. The stalk is
hollow and fistulose and it shows plenty of nerves. Leaves are robust, shining,
pinneated or bi-pinneated, conformed by rhombo-shaped folioles usually divided
in three sections, petiolated and scented.
Flowers are small and whitish or
greenish displaced in umbels over robust peduncles with no involucre nor
involucel. Fruits are diachaenium green-grayish or brownish, 0.8-1.5 mm long, ovate with a
conic stylopodium with short styles at the upper end. In the back, two small,
clear or white ribs are found over a darker background. Diachaenia are usually
divided at the mericarps. Peduncles are shorter.
It is native to sandy and loamy
soils in Europe, Asia and America. Different species have been cultivated since
ancient times; nowadays celery is used with agricultural and industrial
purposes, especially in India and China.
Fruits (Appii fructus) mainly. To a lesser
extent the whole plant and the root (folk medicine).
It is used, occasionally, in folk medicine with
> Kidney and bladder disorders as its a gentle diuretic.
> Gout and other rheumatic disorders as its
depurative and diuretic at the same time, as well as remineralizing.
> Restlessness and nervous anxiety.