It is an herbaceous annual plant. There are two
principal types of flax: the oleaginous flax, cultivated for its seminal oil,
and textile flax, cultivated for its stem fibers. Plant’s height goes from 25 cm in the oleaginous one
to 150 cm
in some textile flax varieties. Root is short, fusiform, fine and fibrous. The
stem has no branches and is round, erect with a slight curvature. Leaves are
lanceolate, sessile, alternate, entire, narrow, linear with three nerves
prominent longitudinal nerves in grayish-green. The blue flowers have 5
delicate, round and shining petals located on the branch terminals with long
petioles. The fruit is a rounded acuminate capsule holding up to ten small
seeds. Seeds are reddish-brown long, oval-shaped, flattened with a smooth and
shining tegument. It belongs to Linaceae family.
Its indigenous of the Middle East and it is
cultivated, nowadays, in most countries with moderate weather, in both Europe
Fiber flax prefers humid and gentle weather, oleaginous flax, on the other
hand, prefers mild and warm weather. As the seed is very small, the ground
should not be hard that crusts when it rains and doesn’t allow the seed to
germinate. Loose and permeable soil are not adequate either, as flax roots are
short and cannot reach deep layers. Soils rich in lime are very bad for flax as
this plant requires much zinc, which is blocked in excessively limy soils.
Seeds are gathered at the end of summer.
Seeds are used and are also known as linseed.
tract inflammation: colon injured by the abuse of laxatives, irritable colon,
peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, gastritis and enteritis.
> In order to have
soft bowel evacuations in cases of anal fissures, hemorrhoids and rectoanal
disorders: common cold, pharyngitis, dry cough.
> Adjuvant in treating
hyperglycemia and hyperlipemia.
> Adjuvant in treating
over weight problems. In this case, whole seeds, no grinded, are recommended,
as they are eliminated untouched in the intestine without releasing the fats.
> Skin inflammations:
dermatitis, eczemas, contusions, furuncles, abscesses.
> Gums, mouth and
throat inflammation (gargles).
> Flax oil, externally
used, favors dermatosis, psoriasis and especially the discomfort caused by