plant, up to 60 cm
high with branched, erect and glabrous bluish-green stems. Leaves are alternate
and petiolate, 2 to 3 times pinnately compound with their last divisions almost
linear. Inflorescence in multiflower terminal racemes (apparently lateral).
Small zygomorphic flowers, 7-9
mm long. Calyx is formed by two small whitish sepals,
oval-shaped with toothed edges, narrower than the corolla. Corolla is formed by
four free petals (connected to the apex but not fused), elongated. The upper
one is extended with a wide protuberance where the nectary is. Androcium is
formed by two stamens divided by three anthers. Central ones have two thecas,
while the side ones have only one theca each (actually androceum is
deadelphous: 6 staments fused in 2 groups). Bicarpelar gyneceum, with an upper
ovary that fructificate in a small suborbicular achenium with truncated or
marginated apex. It belongs to the Fumariaceae or Papaveraceae family.
It’s indigenous of
Europe and Asia. It grows in nitrificated
places and abandoned cultivations with fresh soil and roadsides. It blooms in
early spring and the bloomed plant is harvested at the beginning of blooming
(between April and June).
> Biliary dyskinesia,
cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, cirrhosis, eases the symptoms related to liver
disorders (weakness, lack of appetite, headaches, nausea, vomit).
> Bronchial asthma.
> Skin disorders:
dermatosis, eczemas, psoriasis, skin exanthemas.
> Hyperlipidemias, arteriosclerosis prevention.
> Tachycardia and
> Thromboembolisms and
> Skin disorders: dermatitis, dandruff and
seborrhea, psoriasis (fumaric acid).