Vivacious, perennial, herbaceous
plant, 10-60 cm
high. Starting on the second year, a yellowish underground stem is formed, from
where plenty of white rootlets originate. Leaves are wide, large as the sole of
the foot, come directly from the root and grow up vertically, forming a basal
rosette, going from pale green to grayish-green, glabrous or slightly hairy. The
limb is oval-shaped connected to the stem by a long wide petiole. The lower
side has 5 to 7 elevated nerves in whitish-green displayed in a parallel form,
clearly seen in the back. From the same point the leaves sprout, the floral
peduncles do, too; these peduncles are covered, on their upper half, by plenty
of small flowers without any petiole forming a reddish brush. The peduncle is
shorter than that one of the Plantago lanceolata
and inflorescences take most part of it. Inflorescence is a cylindrical spike,
oval-shaped, globose, scape larger than leaves, oval-shaped and glabrous bracts
of variable dimensions (they might be up to 45 cm long). Flowers are
hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, small or purple, formed in groups, with blond
petals. The corolla has a glabrous tube and free sepals along it. The fruit is a two-celled capsule,
not enclosed in the perianth, when it ripens, the seedpods split in half, and
the seeds fall to the ground to start the whole thing over. It belongs to the
It is spread along Europe and
northern and central Asia. Even though it might be found around the world in
the wild, Plantago plants prefer mild and cold weathers. It is commonly found
in gardens and lawns, along trials, in sidewalk cracks, and in similar habitats.
It blooms between late spring and early autumn. Tender and fresh leaves are
edible and used in salads.
disorders: common cold, flu, bronchitis, asthma, irritant cough, allergic
rhinitis, hay fever, allergies, allergic sinusitis, pharyngitis, throat sore,
tonsillitis, laryngitis, etc.
disorders of buccopharyngeal mucosa, gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcer, hyperacidity,
> Other: hemorrhages,
hemorrhoids, gastrointestinal pain, rheumatism, cystitis and urethritis.
> Skin inflammatory
disorders: eczema, herpes, fissures, furuncles, chafing, wounds.
> Against insect
bites, especially bee-stings (crushed fresh leaves).
> Eye disorders:
blepharitis (eyelids inflammation), conjunctivitis.
> Mouth disorders:
stomatitis (buccal mucosa inflammation), gingivitis (gums inflammation),
glossitis (tongue inflammation).