Hawthorn usually forms
highly branched, low high shrubs, between 2-5 m high and they can reach sometimes even 10 m. The branching is very dense and tangled
and presents prickly branches with dark brown, woody stems from 1 mm to 2.5 mm in diameter. Oval or
rhombic, simple, petiolate, alternate leaves with well-developed petiole, often
with small deciduous stipules, slightly serrate or nearly entire edges,
tapering wedge-shaped at the base. Its flowers are white, small, scented, pedunculated, epigynous, arranged in wide corymbose inflorescences. Flowering usually occurs in
spring, from April to May. The fruits, called hawthorns are globose or ovoid,
red colored, pea-sized (5-10
mm) or a little thicker, with persistent sepals in the
apex. It has a sweet or insipid taste, contains a single seed. They mature in
September-October, sometimes in August. It belongs to the Rosaceae family.
Plant coming from the
center of Europe, North Africa, North America and western Asia.
It is abundant in many species in the Himalayas and in Europe, it spreads out to
France and the center and south of UK without reaching the northern colder
areas. It can be found in the wild state in
forest edges, on the sunny slopes and widely cultivated to form impenetrable
hedges in gardens or hedges dividing the fields or to keep inside the cattle.
It hasn’t marked preference for any type of ground, but it grows better in
loose and fresh grounds. As for the climate, it puts up with both the cold and
the warm, but it is better the sun for it. It puts up with the partial shade.
It is very suitable for mountain gardens and also for urban conditions.
The parts of the plant that are more frequently
used are its flowering tops. Also, the leaves, fruits and sometimes the bark can be
> Cardiac deficiency.
> Coronary deficiency- prevention and recovery of myocardial infarction, angina
pectoris. It is not useful in acute processes since its effect develops slowly.
> Cardiac rhythm disorders: paroxistic tachycardia, arrhythmias, extrasystole.
> Cardiac disorders of nervous origin- palpitations, anginal pains, etc.
> Arterial hypertension.
> Prevention and treatment of the arteriosclerosis.
> Neurovegetative dystonia, vascular spasms, vertigo.
> Nervousness, nervous excitement, anxiety, stress.
> Insomnia or slight sleep disorders.
> Hawthorn offers some important advantages over certain conventional drugs used
to treat congestive heart failure such as digoxin.
> Acneic, couperose and