It’s a vivacious perennial plant with a strong
lemon-like scent of approximately 70 cm high, with a quadrangular
stem, erect, angular, villose, plain and very branched with a not so deep
groove. Leaves, clearly petiolate, decussate arranged, are petiolate, opposite,
oval-shaped and crenate. They are wide at the base, sharp and with soft hair
of 8 cm long and 5 cm wide with a petiole of variable
length. Limb is oval-shaped, elongated, thin and has a reticulate outstanding
vein; edges are broadly toothed or crenate in the beneath face. The above face
is shining green and the lower one is paler. It’s of rugose texture and emits a
fragrant lemon odor when bruised. Flowers are grouped in cymes or axillary
verticils of 3-6 whitish sub-sessile flowers, that might be yellowish-white or
pink, as well. It has a few oval-shaped, lanceolate, bracts with a petiole. It
also has a gibbous calyx at the base. Its corolla is bilabiate with an upper
lip erect and flat and a lower one with three uneven lobes, where the middle
one is always the longest. Fruits are a brown tetra-achene. It belongs to the
Lamiaceae (=Labiatae) family.
Blooming begins in May and the harvesting of the plant
has to be carried out prior to that in order to preserve its active principles,
since as the plant flowers it loses part of its active principles.
It is original from central and middle Europe and
probably from southern France. It is commonly found lengthwise the Iberian
Peninsula. It grows in shaded and damp soil and in the forest; although, it is
also cultivated in meadows and orchards as it is very ornamental and has a
Stem with the leaves, and sometimes the flower apex.
> Digestive disorders, especially those of nervous origin. Digestive
spasms, meteorism, flatulence, irritable colon or nervous originated gastritis,
heavy and slow digestion, lack of appetite, hepatobiliary dyskinesia,
cholecystitis, diarrhea, nausea, vomit, etc.
> Nervous originated heart disorders: hypotension, tachycardia,
> Nervous disorders: nervousness, anxiety, stress, irritability, sleep
disorders, insomnia, neuro-vegetative distony, depression, etc.
> Blood pressure related headaches.
> Menstrual disorders, dysmenorrhea.
> Respiratory disorders: bronchitis, asthma, etc.
> Headaches, migraines, lumbalgia, rheumatism, arthrosis, arthralgia,
contusion, etc. To be applied in massages or fomentations.
> Wounds, insect bites (fresh plant),
> Herpes labialis (oral Herpes simplex) and genital herpes.
> In therapeutic baths to treat nervousness, insomnia, etc.