tree of caducous leaf and an erect trunk that might go up to 20 m. The trunk opens up in
thin branches which are almost horizontally displaced at the top. Bark is dark
gray and is longitudinally grooved. Leaves are heart-shaped, petiolate with a
serrated edge, glabrous, with brownish hair beneath, where the nerve
ramifications are found. Flowers are scented, pale greenish-yellow, formed by 5
petals, plenty of stamens and an ovary, grouped in corymbose inflorescences
which peduncle is partially connected to a membranous, lanceolate bract of
approximately 8 cm
long rounded at the apex. The fruit is a hairy capsule, hard and resistant with
one or two seeds.
in limy soils, not extremely humid and in shadowy places.
bracts and the middle part of the bark (inner bark) of T. cordata Mill., T.
platyphyllos Scop. and T. vulgaris
Bracts and inflorescences
> They are used as
sedatives and anxiolytic in cases of insomnia and nervous excitability.
> As a cough suppressant
> Fever and flu.
> It is normally used along with other sedatives and anti-spasmodic drugs, such
as chamomile, valerian or lemon balm.
Middle part of the bark
> Sedative, in baths.
> Anti-spasmodic at
the hepatobiliary zone, being very useful to treat Oddi’s sphincter spasms.
> Digestive migraine.
> Liver colic.
> Kidney lithiasis.
> Arterial hypertension.