Herbaceous, strong and monoic annual plant of a
firm, solid stem of up to 2 m
high. Male flowers are greenish and form long spikes gather in terminal
panicles. Female flowers, at the leave axil, gathered in large spikes and
wrapped in 6 or 9 big and membranous bracts where filiform, yellowish and long
styles rise (corn stigmas or hair). Fruits are almost globose, hard, shining
and normally yellow, although they might also be white or purple.
It is native of Central
America. It is cultivated in Spain. It’s to be harvested from
August to October, when the styles begin to sprout and are yellow and tender.
erroneously called stigmas. Seeds are
also used (starch, oil and the unsaponifiable fraction).
> Genito-urinary tract
disorders: cystitis, nephritis, urethritis, nocturnal enuresis, prostatitis.
> Oliguria, edemas and
as treatment for over weight problems.
> Kidney and urinary
lithiasis (oxalic, uric and phosphaturic), gout.
> Other uses:
gastroduodenal ulcer, allergies, type II diabetes.
> Topical use: skin dryness, vaginal mucosa
dystrophy, psoriasis, ictiosis, dry eczema.
> Periodontitis (pyorrhea): It’s used as