annual, pubescent plant, 0.35-0.5
m. It has big pilose and sharp-cornered with oblongue-spatulate
leaves, entire or with small and corneous teeth; the lower ones are displayed
forming some kind of leafstalk, obtuse; the upper ones, without the leafstalk,
are all fleshy and somewhat hairy. Terminal divisions for 4 to 7 cm in diameter, are tubular
yellow-saffron flowers, except for the peripheral ones, which are ligulated.
Before the flower dies, there’s another one coming, thus the plant is blooming
all year long. The fruit is an achenia full of curved spines, boat-shaped and
thorny in the back. It might also have membranous wings or the innermost ones,
smaller, almost closed in a circle, have no pappus. The whole plant releases an
Blooming: June-August. The plant is indigenous
of central and eastern Europe. It is very
often cultivated as ornate in gardens. It grows in Mediterranean zones.
Marigold flowers consist of completely open flowers, separated from the receptacle, dried,
whole or cut of cultivated variety and double blooming of Calendula
officinalis L. contain no less than 0.4 % of flavonoids, figured out as a
hyperoside (C21H20O12, Mr 464,4) in relation to the dried drug.
> Menstrual disorders:
amenorrhea, menstrual pains or dysmenorrhea, menopause symptoms.
disorders: hepatobiliary dyskinesia, lack of bile, jaundice, hepatitis, etc.
> Digestive disorders:
gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcers, gastrointestinal spasms, stomachaches,
intestinal parasites, etc.
> Infectious diseases:
urinary, respiratory infections.
> High blood pressure.
> Skin disorders:
acne, skin irritations, scalding, first degree burns, bruises, of insect or
coelenterate bites, wound disinfectant and cicatrizant aid, freezing, skin
ulcers, furuncles, abscesses, sebaceous cyst, eczema, impetigo (infectious
dermatosis), fungi, athlete’s foot, herpes, varicose ulcer, chilblain,
exfoliative dermatitis, fissures in feet, hands and nipples.
disorders: gingivitis, pharyngitis, alveolitis, periodontitis, pericoronaritis,
marginal periodontal abscesses, etc.
> Genital disorders:
vulvovaginitis, vulvovaginal mucosa dystrophy.
> Conjunctivitis and
eye burning (eye washes).
It is used as a coloring in cosmetic products
and in food processing as a natural fat coloring and saffron substitute. It is
added to fowl feed to give more vivid color to yolks.