This kind of mint is the classic mint, but does
not come from a pure family, but from the hybrid product of Mentha aquatica x Mentha viridis or spicata (which
at the same time is a hybrid between M.
Longifolia x M. Rotundifolia),
originated in England, in a nature way, approximately in the XVII century and
that has been multiplied in an agamous way throughout the world, since then.
It’s a vivacious herbaceous plant which base is
a rhizome with numerous stems or aerial/underground stolons, of 50 to 90 cm in height. Leaves are entire, fractioned or cut, fine and fragile; the whole leave is 3 to
9 cm long
and 1 to 3 cm
wide, and often wrinkled. Limb is oval-shaped or lanceolate, apex is acuminate,
the edge deeply toothed and the base asymmetric. The veins are pinnate,
prominent in the surface beneath, with lateral veins that form the central vein
at a 45° angle approximately. Petiole is grooved and goes from green to
brownish-violet, normally of up to 1
mm in diameter an 0.5 to 1 cm long. Inflorescences are
oblong, of 3.5 to 6 cm,
generally fragmented by false terminal spikes with small bracts. Flowers have
an almost regular corolla, pinkish-violet and sometimes white, with 4 lobes at
the top, where the uppermost one is trimmed; four stamens are within the
corolla. As it is a hybrid plant, seeds are rare and sterile. Stolons are the
responsible of its reproduction through the root system. It belongs to the
Lamiaceae (=Labiatae) family.
Peppermint leaves have a characteristic and
penetrating scent, its flavor is very aromatic. Harvest: June-July and
September. It is original from Europe and it’s cultivated by sprouts.
Peppermint does not grow very much in the wild.
It tolerates extreme weather but it has adapted itself to be cultivated in
humid and shaded soil, protected from the wind in orchards. It is cultivated
with industrial purposes, to store drugs, elaborate liquor and essences. As it
is a creeping plant is ideal to grow under other plants in flowerpots. Soil
should be humid, rich in humus and retentive of moisture, (mix two parts of
black soil, one of sand and another part of worm humus). Blooming takes place
The leaves and
sometimes the entire aerial apex.
alterations: gastric and intestinal spasms, dyspepsia, meteorism, flatulence,
aerophagia, belching, gastritis, enteritis, nausea and vomit, stomatitis, slow
and difficult digestion, irritable colon syndrome.
> Bile deficiency,
hepatitis, biliary colic, biliary lithiasis, cholelithiasis.
disorders: common cold, pharyngitis, rhinitis, dry cough, bronchitis, etc.
(painful menstrual periods).
> Headaches, insomnia.
> Urinary infections:
cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis.
> Rheumatic pain, arthritis, arthralgia, etc.
applied by frictions.
> Neuralgias and headaches.
> Skin disorders: itching, hives, skin
irritations pain, insect bites.
> Respiratory disorders, by inhalations: cold,
cough, sinusitis, bronchitis, laryngitis, etc.
> Mouthwashes for mouth hygiene.
> In gel or cream: cellulites, tired legs, etc.