It’s a sub-shrub plant with a perennial,
branched, erect or ascending, fusiform, fibrous root. Stem is erect,
quadrangular, very branched. Leaves are opposite, of 20-70 cm, oblong to lanceolate
with a leathery texture, entire and thick with finely toothed edges of a
grayish-green color at the above face and paler beneath, covered by a whitish
downy, especially the inferior face. Leaves found at the lower part of the
plant are long petioled with a lanceolate-oblong limb, somewhat heart-shaped at
the base. Upper leaves are smaller, sessile and sharp. Sage leaves have an odor
and an aromatic strong and bitter taste.
Flowers are labiated with a short pedicel displaced in terminal spikes of 2 or
4 and sometimes in 6-10 verticils. They are white, pink or light purple,
grouped at the top of the stem. Fruit is an oval-shaped tetrachene. It belongs
to the Lamiaceae (=Labiatae) family.
Its indigenous of the Eastern Mediterranean
zone (Greece, Yugoslavia, etc.); spontaneous of Italy, Southern France, Spain, Morocco. It grows in dry plains,
slopes and hillsides of lime mountains, up to 100 m, steep bank, rocky
soils, pasture, wasteland and underbrush lands lengthwise Spain and Portugal, but becomes scarce and
eventually disappears toward the northern and western regions. It is cultivated
in gardens along the Mediterranean basin. It grows where there is a limestone
formation and easily adapts itself to poor cultivated or little productive land,
like ditches, rocky slopes, usually in dry and sunny places. It tolerates mild
and mild-warm weather, as well as freezing temperatures if they are not for
long time. It also resists dry seasons. It blooms between May and July. Leaves
harvest has to be done before blooming or when it barely begins, in case it’ll
be used fresh or raw. If the plant will be used to obtain the essence, then the
harvesting should be done during blooming. After the 1st year, it is possible
to get two harvests, one at late spring, early summer and the other at the
beginning of winter; however, the second one is poorer.
Leaves and floral apexes.
> Digestive disorders:
flatulence, lack of appetite, hyposecretive dyspepsia, gastrointestinal spasm,
gastroenteritis, intestinal mucosa inflammation.
> Hyperglycemia and as
an adjuvant in the diabetes treatment.
excessive perspiration, excessive sweating due to menopause, tuberculosis-linked night sweats.
> Children weaning.
> Nervous disorders, psychical and mental tiredness.
> Upper respiratory
tract disorders, nose congestion, cough and tuberculosis.
> Free radicals
prevention and elimination.
> In an experimental
way, the plant has shown potential in treating Alzheimer’s disease.
> In the food
industry, it is used to add scent to pork fresh sausages, in food in general
and alcoholic beverages.
> Skin disorders: dermatitis.> Gingivitis (gums inflammation), stomatitis,
thrush and ulcers.
> Vaginitis, vaginal
candidiasis, leukorrhea (vaginal discharge increase)
> Feet, hands and
armpits excessive perspiration. To improve feet sweating, feet baths in sage
infusion or put some sage leaves inside the shoes.
> Bad breath (chew
some fresh leaves).
> Insect repellent.
> Hair loss
> Joint inflammation and arthritis pain
(essential oil rubbing).
> Oral herpes simplex.