Spinose shrub that grows up to 3 m high with numerous small
and delicate thorns. The rhizome is knotty in the shape of an irregular
cylinder with a diameter of 1.5 to 4.0 cm, and is fragmented and bended, often
winding, rarely branched. The bark, 0.5 to 2 mm thick, stuck hardly to
the xylem. The duramen is light brownish colored and the alburnum is pale
yellow. The fault produces, in the bark, thin and short grains and is rudely
fibrous, especially in the internal part of the xylem. The lower side presents
numerous roots. Roots are cylindrical and knotty, 3.5 to 15 cm long and with a diameter
of 0.3 to 1.5 cm. Older stems usually don’t have thorns; instead
youngest ones are densely covered with flexible thorns. Leaves are petiolated,
compound palmed, with reddish stems usually made up of 5 elliptical leaflets
with seen edges. Flowers, small, simple, spherical, polygamous grow alone or in
couple in the stam ends. They meet in globose umbels, with long peduncles inserted
in the leave base. The floral parts appear in groups of 5, including epigynous
ovaries surrounded by a disk which secretes nectar. Female flowers are
yellowish and male ones are purplish. The fruit is a drupe or a black flashy
berry, and it contains the same number of nuclei and carpels. Siberian Ginseng
belongs to the Araliaceae family.
It comes from the Northeast of Asia, especially
abundant in the East of Siberia although it is distributed also in China, Korea
This species grows in the South of the far East, in eastern countries, in the
coastal zones of Chabarovsk region, in Amur and Primorsk region and in Sachalin Island. It develops in the undergrowth
of the little thick and cold woods (taiga) in the half mountain and plains. The
roots of the wild or spontaneous plants which are picked in spring or in autumn
are often used. It has been proved that if it is picked in October, it has much
more efficacy. Smell: weak and aromatic. Taste: bitter, sour, persistent.
The root and the rhizome.
> Physical and
intellectual exhaustion, fatigue, despondency and in those manifestations which
present organic weakness.
> Asthenia and
> Preparation of
> Chronic infectious states. Prevention of
colds and flu.
> Senescence disorders
and in order to improve the alert and the learning.
prevention of arteriosclerosis.
> Chronic fatigue
neuropsychological disorders: neurosis, vegetative dystonia, climacteric
> Infections caused by
herpes simplex type 2.
> Lack of appetite.
> It contributes to
the treatment with radiation or chemotherapy.
> Low hemoglobin.
> Visual alterations
(it improves the vision).